What is chronic pain?

Chronic pain is a persistent and often debilitating type of pain that lasts for an extended period, typically beyond the average healing time for an injury or illness. Unlike acute pain, which is a normal response to injury and usually resolves as the underlying cause heals, chronic pain persists over time. It can have a significant impact on a person’s daily life and well-being.


Key characteristics of chronic pain include:

  1. Duration: Chronic pain is generally defined as pain that lasts three months or longer, although some definitions may specify a shorter or longer duration.
  2. Complexity: Chronic pain can be complex and may involve multiple contributing factors, including physical, psychological, and social elements.
  3. Impact: It often extends beyond the physical sensation of pain and can affect various aspects of a person’s life, including their mood, sleep, ability to work, and relationships.
  4. Variability: Chronic pain can vary in intensity and may be constant or come and go over time.


Chronic pain is a complex and challenging medical issue that often requires a multidisciplinary approach for effective management. Treatment may involve a combination of medications, physical therapy, psychological support, lifestyle modifications, and complementary therapies. Additionally, addressing the emotional and psychological aspects of chronic pain is crucial, as conditions like anxiety and depression can often accompany long-term pain.

If you or someone you know is experiencing chronic pain, seeking medical attention and working with healthcare professionals to develop a comprehensive pain management plan is recommended.

Treatment options​

A man on a couch being treated with sedative IV therapy

Ketamine Assisted Therapy (KAP)​

Ketamine-assisted therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment modality for chronic pain conditions. KAP has been shown to improve pain symptoms, patient satisfaction, and overall quality of life. Chronic pain conditions range from neuropathic pain to phantom limb or cancer-related pain, which seem to lack effective first-line treatments. KAP may be a viable alternative for those who are suffering from chronic pain conditions.

A woman on a couch in therapy


Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy or counselling, is a well-established technique that has been an effective modality for a variety of mental as well as physical health conditions. Psychotherapy techniques focused on pain management typically involves the improvement of daily and occupational functioning rather than pain resolution itself. Psychotherapy techniques may also be an effective option for neuropathic pains, phantom pain and other forms of psychological pain-related conditions.

A woman receiving rTMS, with a doctor positioning a machine near her head.

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)​

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive medical treatment that regulatory authorities have approved for the treatment of various neuropsychiatric conditions. rTMS has been shown to be an effective treatment for chronic pain. TMS is well-tolerated and effective for neuropathic pain, migraine, fibromyalgia, and other chronic pain related conditions. Some participants may not respond to the effects of rTMS and current studies are being conducted to improve its efficacy.

Reach out

If any of this strikes a chord for you or for a loved one, please take some time to reflect on these considerations before reaching out to us to book an Info Session. From there, we can support you in determining whether one of our treatments could be right for you, and how to begin your healing journey with Cena Life.